Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) Upon that platform some candidate
will be placed who heartily approves its wisdom and necessity. What will the
other platform be?
It is not difficult to foresee.
It is already foreshadowed. It will be that of the Copperhead policy—at first
partly, and at last wholly. It will begin by saying that when the rebels lay
down their arms all rights and privileges hitherto enjoyed are resumed, and
persons proved guilty of treason according to law are to be punished. It will
end by declaring a general amnesty and an assumption of the Confederate debt,
for the sake of conciliation and fraternity. In plain terms, it will propose
that, having won the victory, we shall give it to the enemy.
If now we should ask any
reasonable "Conservative," By such a policy what do you get for the war? he
would doubtless reply, "We get the established proof of the superiority of the
Government to armed rebellion." If then we ask, But what security do you get
against a more dangerous rebellion? he would make the same answer. If we still
inquire, "Upon the mere word of the insurgents, do you mean to withdraw the
troops, and allow every body who may not be convicted of treason to vote for
members of Congress?" he must either answer Yes, in which case the rebel
slaveholders return at once to the control of the Government in alliance with
the "Conservatives" of the North; or he must answer, "No; only those can vote
who take an oath;" in which case he deserts his platform, and does not permit
all who lay down their arms to resume their old privileges.
The question of the election will
be simply, "Shall the war have been fought for something or for nothing?" There
will be no chance for cozening or evasion. One party will say, "Slavery made the
war, and there can be no peace until it is destroyed. You might as well think to
secure the lives of your children by chasing the wolf into the bushes in the
garden instead of killing him, as to hope for the tranquillity of this country
while slavery endures." The other will cry, "Pooh! pooh! if you have a cancer on
your breast just put on a clean shirt and go in, and all will be serene."
WAR BY ANY OTHER NAME IS PRETTY MUCH THE SAME THING.
IF, after the full and open
debate of the question, the new rebel war-ships sail against any of our ships or
ports out of English harbors, it will be a declaration of war. The farce of
neutrality is played out. The British laws are proved incompetent to save the
commerce of a friendly power from the ravages of pirates fitting out in England.
If, then, she says, "I don't care enough about it to have laws that will protect
my allies," she simply says she does not care about peace.
To all our remonstrance and
argument England has practically but one answer: "Why do you complain of our
selling to the Confederates what you ask us to sell to you? We trade with all
parts of all the world; and while we take no side in a domestic national quarrel
like yours, you can not fairly complain that we treat both sides alike."
To this the reply is conclusive,
that international law excepts the very class of cases of which we complain; and
that to build and equip war-ships, or suffer them to be built, and then to let
them sail from your harbors to prey upon the commerce of an ally, is one of the
most offensive causes of war. To prevent it altogether is impossible. Not to try
to prevent it is to connive at the piracy. England knows perfectly well what we
think and why we think it. There is no wire-drawing, no hair-splitting, no
special plea in our position. And if she still persists in building, fitting,
and sailing ships against us, on what ground will she complain if we build, fit,
and sail ships against her? Such things are usually called war. But if she
prefers to call them neutrality, we are not in the least particular about names.
THAT promising political firm of
Rebels, John Bull, and Copperheads, ought at once to pillory the unhappy Gilmore
by the side of the beast Butler.
Beauregard has already given them their cue.
The bombardment of
Charleston is inhuman, atrocious, out of the usages of
civilized warfare, etc., etc. Certainly these are terrible words; and what has
General Gilmore to say? Not only the-ever-to-berespected and
implicitly-to-be-believed Beauregard declares that he is inhuman, but the
consuls, John Bull's in the van, cry amen to the great captain. What, then, has
General Gilmore done? He has shelled Charleston with Greek fire. He has actually
What fate is fearful enough for
such a monster? The beast Butler had the effrontery to take possession of
Orleans, and was then brazen enough to make the rich rebels pay to support the
poor whom they had impoverished. He was also so inconceivably vile as to order
that any woman who insulted a soldier should be punished by a municipal law of
the city. The miscreant also actually hung Mumford, who had only exercised his
constitutional right of being a traitor and a rebel, as Mr. G. Ticknor Curtis
will expound at length. Nay, that no crown of infamy should be wanting, he made
New Orleans a decent city, and kept it in order—an atrocity unknown in its
annals hitherto. And for all this the Rebels, John Bull, and the Copperheads,
called him solemnly the beast Butler, in order that all men might know that they
had nothing in common with him.
But General Gilmore's offense is
beyond words. If he had pierced the holy of holies at Mecca and had spat upon
the holy stone, if he had danced a sailor's hornpipe in Trinity Church, or
smeared Raphael's Transfiguration with tar, the English language might still
have been able to deal with his offenses. But to bombard Charleston! Does
General Gilmore know that the "Southern gentleman" lives there? That "the
chivalry" live there? That the "sons of the Palmetto" live there? That the
"natural aristocracy" of the land live there? Is this unhappy bungler, with
big guns, aware that his vile
abolition missiles may perchance hit the august head of a Spratt, a Keitt, a
Rhett, a Simms, or an Orr? What does this plebeian Yankee mean by disturbing the
aristocracy? General Beauregard asks for a truce of two days, and this inhuman
scoundrel replies that his terms are unconditional surrender or more Greek fire!
What can a veracious gentleman like Beauregard and distinguished friends of
humanity like John Bull's consul and others, do, but protest and submit? Yes,
there is one thing they can do. They can, as before, imitate the boy who
declared to his invincible adversary that if he could not lick him he could make
mouths at his sister. They can call names. Butler was a beast. Let Gilmore, with
the same point, be the monster Gilmore.
MONITORS AT CHARLESTON.
THE complaints of Admiral
Dahlgren's delay in
Charleston harbor were, at least, premature. The Monitors he
commands are precisely the same which discovered in April that until
reduced they could not operate to advantage. Captain Drayton in the
instance, found in the last attack that a heavy blow from one of Sumter's guns
could derange his machinery. He could put himself to rights perhaps in twelve
hours and return to the attack. But that was merely to run exactly the same risk
without any adequate compensation; for his guns did little damage to the fort.
The work that the Monitors have
to do is to remove the obstructions in the channel. To do that successfully they
must be out of the steady battery of heavy guns, which, by denting the turrets,
may throw something out of gear. Could they move incessantly they would not mind
the chance; but held in one position by the barriers they are unfairly exposed.
They must wait, therefore, until they can have the conditions of their success.
Besides, the Monitors obey their
helms slowly, and their speed is about four miles an hour. But the current of
Charleston harbor is three miles an hour, so that it is easy to see that they
may become a little unmanageable.
The Monitors are as yet a crude
and undeveloped invention. As harbor defenses they are unquestionably
unsurpassed. The contest with the
Merrimac shows what a select party of them
would do with the new iron rams whose shadow falls toward New York out of
English harbors. To wooden ships also they must necessarily be fatal. A fort
which could not hold them steadily in one place they would readily batter down.
But if they can be held within range of a heavy battery, incessantly hammering
them, the experience of the April attack upon Sumter shows that they may have to
For the rest it may fairly be
supposed that Admiral Dahlgren knows the value of time, and knows also just what
the enemy are doing, quite as well as newspaper correspondents. His conduct and
reputation hitherto are not such as to justify the suspicion that he will allow
the enemy to gain any advantage which it is possible for him to prevent.
MR. "VICE-PRESIDENT" STEPHENS, as
we lately saw, is cheerful under extreme difficulties, but the
is more so. It consoles the "Confederacy" in this manner: "Rosecrans is said to
be advancing upon Bragg, while in the West
Burnside is pressing Buckner. This is
probably all the better ....The danger of too much success upon our side has
always been too much confidence ....The movement of Rosecrans, if indeed he has
begun a march, is one of desperation possibly ....A week or two will bring us,
we believe, news to cheer us ....The situation since this time last year is not
much altered to our disadvantage. A single victory in the Southwest will cover
much that we have lost there.... Should Charleston fall he (the enemy) will only
be able to close that place as a port of entry.... So the situation brightens."
Such comfort is cold enough
without being blown upon by such a vile abolitionist as the Lounger. But it may
be remarked that the "danger of too much success upon our side" is not pressing.
Job Davis and Company should certainly bespeak livelier comforters.
A POINT TO
IT is a curious commentary upon
some of the statements made in the work upon the social condition of England of
which we have elsewhere spoken, that Mr. Dickens speaks, in his new series of
"The Uncommercial Traveler," of visiting a ship full of Mormon emigrants, and
finding them to be rough, intelligent, honest folk, of whom England, as well as
Joe Smith, might be proud. "I found them," he says, "the most orderly,
well-behaved, and intelligent set of common people I ever saw—the pick and
flower of England."
Mr. Kay says that the mass of the
poorer classes in England are outside of all the churches, because the forms of
worship of the Established Church and of most of the dissenting sects are not
imaginative enough for an ignorant people, and because the personal intercourse
between priest and people, which is essential to the maintenance of popular
religious interest, is impossible, from the small number of clergymen and their
selection from a superior class. The crowd turns, therefore, either to the
glittering pomp and constant personal sympathy and supervision of the Romish
Church, or to the sensual excitement of another kind—of the ranters and other
He is wise who knows that every
moment not gained is a moment lost, every lesson not learned is an increase of
ignorance. We are young; we have a boundless domain; we have hope, faith, and we
are about starting fairer than ever before.
Shall all the flooding tides of
wisdom that flow toward us not lift our little bark one inch? Let us know, and
speak, and consider the fact that the great mass of the technically laboring
class in this
country is coming to be of a
different race and a different religion from the rest of the population; and
that no country is safe in which the people are not substantially one.
AND NAVY ITEMS.
LETTERS from the Army of the
Potomac give an interesting account of the recent presentation of a sword to
General MEADE by the Pennsylvania Reserves, with the speeches made by General
CRAWFORD, now commanding the Reserves, General MEADE, Governor CURTIN, and
Surgeon-General HAMMOND is about
to proceed to Port Royal and New Orleans, to look after the condition of the
The Secretary of the Navy has
left Washington for a tour of inspection through the New York, Boston, and
Portsmouth Navy-yards, and will visit Philadelphia on his return.
In the affair with
guerrillas on 17th ult. near Fairfax, MOSEBY is said to have received two wounds
which are believed to be mortal.
The death of General PEMBERTON,
who commanded at
Vicksburg, at Selma, Alabama, is reported by a dispatch from
Commander WALKE went up the
Yazoo, a few days since, with instructions to attempt to save the gun-boat De
Kalb. He found this impossible, and therefore destroyed her, first having
removed her guns and every thing of value.
Major LUTHER B. BRUEN, commanding
the depot of the 12th United States Infantry, at Fort Hamilton, New York Harbor,
has been ordered to the field to take command of his regiment. He has not
hitherto been in active service.
Dr. G. W. VARNUM, U. S. V., has
tendered his resignation, which has been accepted.
Brigadier-General Fisk announced
the capture of JEFF THOMPSON and his band as follows:
PILOT KNOB, August 26, 1863.
My compliments. JEFF THOMPSON is
a prisoner in our hands. (Signed) CLINTON B. Fisk,
Major J. W. SPEER, Assistant
Inspector-General on the staff of General CRAWFORD, resigned last week in
consequence of wounds received at Gaines's Hill and Charles Cross Roads. His
resignation has been accepted. The successor of Major SPEER is said to be Major
WOODWARD, a son of the democratic candidate for Governor of Pennsylvania.
Major OLIVER D. GREENE, of the
Adjutant-General's Department, has been appointed Assistant Adjutant-General
with the rank of Colonel, on the staff of Major-General SCHOFIELD, commanding
the Department of the Missouri, and will leave immediately for St. Louis. He
held a similar position on the staff of Major-General FRANKLIN, in the Army of
Lieutenant J. P. SANGER, First
United States Artillery, has been made Acting Assistant Inspector-General under
The death of the traitor JOHN B.
FLOYD is confirmed by the Richmond papers. He died of the effects of typhus
fever and jaundice in their worst forms.
Captain C. M. LEVY, Assistant
Quarter-master, was arrested on 31st ult., and consigned to the Old Capitol
prison at Washington, charged with being a defaulter. He has for some time been
assigned to the defenses north of the Potomac, and has always enjoyed the
confidence of his brother officers. The case will be investigated in a few days.
Captain TIDBALL, of Battery A,
Second United States Artillery, is promoted to the Colonelcy of the Fourth New
York Heavy Artillery.
Brigadier-General Meigs has
completed his inspection of the Army of the Potomac and returned to Washington.
Colonel HENRY E. Davies, of this
city, of the Harris Light Cavalry, was, on the 21st ult., appointed to the
command of the First Brigade of the Third Division of Cavalry in the Army of the
The funeral of Acting Assistant
Paymaster JOSIAH G. WOODBURY, who was killed on board the Catskill in the attack
on Charleston, took place on 29th ult., at two P.M., at the residence of the
mother of the deceased in Bedford. Mr. WOODBURY was a member of Lafayette Lodge,
Manchester, New Hampshire, and was buried with Masonic honors.
formerly Assistant Adjutant-General to Generals HUNTER and HALLECK, has been
temporarily assigned, by special orders of the War Department, to duty with
Acting Master ROBERT CAMERON was
reported to have died on the 29th of June. Parties in this city have just
received a letter from him, dated 18th of August, and a telegram from Cairo,
dated August 31, stating that he was well, and had been promoted. He served in
the army, and is now in the navy. He is a young Scotchman, and has served in the
Mississippi squadron ever since December, and has been in almost every
engagement, and was wounded at Liverpool Bluffs.
ON the evening of the 25th ult.
our troops made an assault on Fort Wagner, with a view to the possession of that
important strong-hold. Rebel authorities state that it was repulsed. On the 26th
ult. the fire on both sides was very slow and deliberate. The dispatch of the
28th says that the Union troops are working hard in the trenches in front of
WAR IN TENNESSEE.
The army of General Rosecrans
crossed the Tennessee River at four points, the Second Kentucky cavalry
capturing thirty-five pickets of the enemy. General Reynolds captured a large
force at Shell Mound, and took a camp on Falling Waters. Among the captured are
time guerrilla Mays and the rebel Tennessee Congressman, Cannon. Little or no
resistance was made. The rebels are reported to be in force at Rome and
Cleveland, and along the Georgia State Railroad. General Burnside is in the
region of Kingston, and will attack that place before long.
According to rebel accounts the
fire upon Chattanooga was opened by General Wilder without giving notice to the
citizens, and in consequence three ladies and two male citizens were killed. The
enemy are busy in the city digging trenches to resist the assault. The mountains
around have been penetrated by General Crook and found clear of rebels.
WAR IN ARKANSAS.
Our advices from Arkansas are
important. Our forces under General Steele are reported at Duvall's Bluff, on
the Arkansas River, fifty-four miles from
Little Rock, while
General Price, with
25,000 rebels, is at Bayou Metaire, a strong point on White River, fourteen
miles above Duvall's Bluff. A great battle is expected to be fought here, and
skirmishing is already going on. Duvall's Bluff is expected to be made our base
of supplies, as it can be reached at all stages of water. Magruder is
represented to have conscripted a force of 18,000 men in Southern Texas.
EXECUTION OF DESERTERS.
A terrible lesson to deserters
was given at the head-quarters of the Army of the Potomac on 28th ult. Five men
from Pennsylvania, all substitutes, who had deliberately deserted after being
regularly put into service, were shot to death in presence of 25,000 spectators.
Their names were George Kuhna, a Hanoverian; Charles Walker and Emil Lai,
Prussians; John Felane and George Reinese, Italians. Two were Protestants, two
Catholics, and one a Jew.
The best attainable information
General Lee in Richmond, and his army scattered from the line of the
Blue Ridge on the west to Port Royal, Rappahannock River on the east, and south
as far as the line of the Virginia Central Railroad. His troops are so widely
scattered, probably, to facilitate subsisting. General Ewell has the left; A. P.
Hill the centre, lying on the railroad from Culpepper to Orange Court house;
while Longstreet holds the extreme right, occupying the line of the Richmond and
Fredericksburg Railroad. Cook's brigade of North Carolina troops occupies
Fredericksburg. Jones's brigade of cavalry is said to have gone back to the
Shenandoah Valley, and Robinson to Richmond. Stuart is still in command, but
growing more and more unpopular. It is expected he will be relieved by Wade
RECONNOISSANCE TOWARD RICHMOND.
The Federal cavalry expedition to
Bottom's Bridge, which caused so much alarm in Richmond, was commanded by
General Wistar, and was composed of parts of the First New York Mounted Rifles,
Colonel Onderdonk, and the Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry, Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis.
The expedition left Williamsburg on the 26th, and pushed through New Kent Court
House directly to Bottom's Bridge. At the latter place one rebel regiment of
infantry, in rifle-pits, were found, who were supported by a squadron of
cavalry. A charge was immediately made, and the rebel rifle-pits were carried
and the rebels driven across the bridge, which they took up behind them. Our
troops having accomplished the object of the expedition, returned to Yorktown.
EXPEDITION UP THE WHITE RIVER.
A report forwarded by Admiral
Porter describes the late naval expedition up the Red and White rivers as most
successful, quantities of rebel stores having been destroyed, and the only two
steamers the enemy had having been captured.
The draft was completed in this
city on 27th ult., the full quota of conscripts having been drawn. The Board of
Supervisors, at their meeting on 27th, passed an ordinance, which was signed by
the Mayor, providing for the appropriation of two millions of dollars for the
exemption of firemen, policemen, the militia, and the heads of families who may
be dependent upon them for support.
DRAFT IN OHIO.
It is announced that no draft
will be made in Ohio. Officers of the army sent home to secure drafted men are
instructed to open recruiting stations for enlistments.
PEACE MOVEMENTS IN NORTH CAROLINA.
A late number of the Raleigh
(North Carolina) Standard contains numerous reports of peace meetings throughout
the State. The revolution there is fast ripening.
PROGRESS OF RECONSTRUCTION.
General Grant's order No. 50
declares that Tennessee and Kentucky, west of Tennessee River, are free from
rebel forces, and bushwhacking and recruiting for the rebels therein will be
rigorously punished. He recommends the people of Mississippi within his lines to
return to their avocations; also that they recognize the freedom of slaves and
pay them wages. The order makes provision for some of the more destitute of the
NEGRO REBEL TROOPS.
On the authority of rebel papers
received at Morehead City, North Carolina, it is stated that Jeff Davis is about
to adopt a measure which would indicate that he desires, to a certain extent, to
emancipation proclamation. The report is that he will
issue a call, by advice of the Governors of the Southern States, for half a
negro troops, to whom their freedom will be guaranteed, and a bounty
of fifty acres of land will be given at the expiration of the war.
PRESIDENT TO GENERAL GRANT.
EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON,
July 13, 1863.
To Major-General Grant:
MY DEAR GENERAL,—I do not
remember that you and I ever met personally. I write this now as a grateful
acknowledgment for the almost inestimable service you have done the country. I
wish to say a word further. When you first reached the vicinity of Vicksburg, I
thought you should do what you finally did—march the troops across the neck, run
the batteries with the transports, and thus go below; and I never had any faith,
except a general hope that you knew better than I, that the Yazoo Pass
Expedition and the like could succeed. When you got below, and took Port Gibson,
Grand Gulf, and vicinity, I thought you should go down the river and join
General Banks; and when you turned northward, east of the Big Black, I feared it
was a mistake. I now wish to make a personal acknowledgment that you were right
and I was wrong.
Yours very truly, A.
NEW GOVERNOR OF KENTUCKY.
Governor Bramlette was
inaugurated as Governor of Kentucky on 1st inst. In his inaugural address he
contends that the revolted States did not change their status by rebelling; that
all that is necessary for them to do is to return to their fealty and take their
position as States; that the rebellion did not remit then to a territorial
state. He says we have now, and will have when the rebellion closes, the
identical Constitution which extremists seek to destroy—the one by innovation,
the other by force. It is not a restored Union, not a reconstructed Union, that
Kentucky desires, but a preserved Union and a restored peace upon a
constitutional basis. The Governor strongly objects to the arming of negro
regiments, and asks what is to be done with such soldiers at the end of the war?
He points to the result of the recent election as a proof that Kentucky will not
fraternize with rebellion, either open or covert, and declares that Kentucky
ever has been, and now is, and always will be, loyal to the Government of our
rebel pirate Florida has
appeared in the Irish Channel, and worked her way cautiously up to Cork, after
taking a pilot. She lauded three persons in that city, who were supposed to be
agents of the rebel government en route to London. Lying off the privateer
communicated with several merchant vessels, and it was thought she was receiving
supplies of war materiel. The Florida had a mast broken on her voyage from
Bermuda. At the latest date she was lying to off Tuskar. A large quantity of
silver, taken from the ship Joseph Hoxie, was landed by the privateer, under the
name of "luggage."
It appears by a Plymouth paper
that three British war vessels have been recently sold to a London company,
nominally for the Mediterranean trade, but really for the rebel service in this
The Polish insurrection continues
to drag along with varying success to the belligerents. On the 15th of August a
sanguinary conflict took place with the Russian forces, which lasted until
night. At the commencement of the engagement the Poles were two hundred and
fifty strong, of which number but thirty-six escaped.
There appears to be no room for
doubt that the Archduke Maximilian has accepted the throne of Mexico. The French
Government is said to have sent instructions to Mexico revoking the measures
relative to the sequestration of property of those who have taken up arms
against the French. A blockade is also ordered, to extend from the Lagunes, ten
leagues south of Matamoras, to Campeachy.